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理工类2015年职称英语考试复习题解精选(下)

 例如:

  As you are already 18 years old, you should know what to do and what not to do. (你已经18岁了,应该知道什么该干什么不该干。)

  这个句子用because连接就不太合适。好在军队职称考试中并不要求作这种分辨。

  …for 注意:一般只能放在主句后面,即主句 + for从句,例如:

  He must have gone to bed, for it is too late. (他肯定已经睡了;现在已经很晚了。)—— 该句不能用because

  now that / seeing that / considering that (由于…)

  Seeing that this problem was settled, they proceeded to the next one.(鉴于这个问题已经解决,他们开始进行下一个问题。)

  …in that(在于…)一般放在主句后面,例如:

  Humans are superior to animals in that they can use languages as a tool to communicate. (人比动物高等,因为人能以语言作为工具进行交际。)

让步状语从句:

  主要连接词:although (虽然)/ even if (though) (即使)/ while (尽管)后两个是考试的重点。no matter what… (= whatever无论…什么…) / no matter how… (=however, 无论怎样…) / whether…or not (不论…还是…)这是让步句考试的重点。

  例如:

  No matter what (或Whatever) may happen, we will not change our plan. (无论可能发生什么,我们决不改变计划。)

  No matter how difficult (或However difficult) the journey may be, we will not change our plan. (不管路程有多难,我们决不改变计划。)

  We should not worry her whether she is well or ill (或whether she is ill or not).(无论她身体好坏,我们都不应使她烦恼。)

  注意:no matter what后面跟名词或名词性结构;no matter how后面跟形容词或副词,不要搞错;用了no matter what / no matter how就不能再用whatever / however.

  5) 比较状语从句:

  这是英语语法必考内容,要特别加以重视。

  基本概念:两个比较级,三个或三个以上最高级。要对数字"2"特别敏感,试选择:

  Of Mary and Jane, who is ______?

  A. smart B.the smartest

  C. more smarter D.the smarter

 解题思路:很显然这是一道考形容词比较级的题目,从句子结构和选题A可以判断smart是个形容词原级,因此可以断定C的形式错了(重复比较,如不能说more happier 一样的道理)。B是最高级,但句中只有两个人Mary 和Jane,因此正确答案只能是D,这是一个较特殊的比较级句型,即the + 形容词比较级 + of (两个)。

  比较级的主要句型:

  (1) 原级比较:as +形容词或副词原级+ as, 否定式:not so (或as) +形容词或副词原级+ as

  注意问题:as…as 之间的形容词或副词是否采用了原级;as…as 之间该用形容词还是副词;用as much as 还是用as many as

  表示倍数时用下面结构, 如3倍:three times as …as…

  例如:

  The size of the island is about ______ that of this one.

  A.three times as much as B.as three times much as

  C.as three times greater than D.three times as big as

  解题思路:B、C违反了上述句型规定,A、D的区别是size(大小 / 尺寸)是与much搭配还是与big搭配,D是对的。